MRI Abdomen

            Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a diagnostic technique that uses a cylindrical magnet and radio waves to produce cross-sectional images of organs and structures within the body, with superior contrast resolution. Additional advantages of MRI include direct multi-planar imaging capability, without ionizing radiation exposure. The body's hydrogen atoms react to the magnetic field and pulses of radio waves and differences in the detected signal intensities are displayed on a computer-generated image.
         MRI Upper Abdomen provides extraordinary detail of the images inside the Abdomen . The difference between normal and abnormal tissue is often clearer on the MRI scan than on the CT scan. Be used for examining the abdominal parts (such as liver, kidney, pancreas and spleen) . MRI can be used for problem-solving evaluation of ambiguous or equivocal findings on CT, Ultrasound or other diagnostic examinations.

Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) is considered medically necessary for the evaluation of the following abdominal indications:

  • Adrenal masses including differentiation of adenoma from metastasis.
  • Focal liver lesions (e.g., cysts, metastases, hemangiomas).
  • Conditions for which a CT scan is indicated but who have a contraindication to the use of CT.
  • Non-cystic or indeterminate renal parenchymal mass.
  • Define extension of a tumor into the renal vein and inferior vena cava.
  • To define the extrarenal extent of renal neoplasm.
  • Staging of malignancies.
  • Abnormalities noted on other imaging studies, which require additional clarification.
  • Additional information regarding timing MRI of the abdomen:
  • MRI may provide more sensitive imaging if US and/or CT are inconclusive.
  • MRI imaging is more sensitive for suspected cavernous hemangioma, hemachromatosis, hemosiderosis, and fatty liver.
  • The MRI is preferred for liver lesion characterization when there is existing liver disease (hepatitis, cirrhosis).

MRI scan is needed for a person who has a symptom:

  • Difficulty in swallowing
  • Jaundice
  • Abdominal pain
  • Ascites(Abnormal accumulation of fluid in the cavity of the abdominal)
  • Viral Hepatitis B carrier