MRI Pelvis

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                                    MRI Pelvis

     For women, pelvic MRI provides a detailed look at the ovaries and uterus and is often used to follow up an abnormality seen on ultrasound. It is also used to evaluate the spread of cancer of the uterus.

     For men, pelvic MRI is sometimes used to check those diagnosed with prostate cancer. The primary indication for MRI of the prostate is the evaluation of prostate cancer. The test is commonly used after a prostate biopsy has confirmed cancer in order to determine if the cancer is confined to the prostate, or if it has spread outside the walls of the prostate gland.

     Occasionally, MRI of the prostate is used to evaluate other prostate problems, including : infection (prostatitis) or prostate abscess , an enlarged prostate, called benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). Pelvic MRI is also used to look at the bones and muscles of the pelvis.


MRI Pelvis may be done if a female has any of the following signs or symptoms:

  • Abnormal vaginal bleeding
  • A mass in the pelvis (felt during a pelvic exam or seenon another imaging test)
  • A pelvic mass that occurs during pregnancy
  • Endometriosis (usually only done after ultrasound)
  • Lower abdominal pain
  • Unexplained infertility (usually only done after ultrasound)
  • Unexplained pelvic pain (usually only done after ultrasound)

MRI Pelvis may be done if a male has any of the following signs or symptoms:

  • Lumps or swelling in the testicles or scrotum
  • Undescended testicle (unable to be seen using ultrasound)
  • Unexplained pelvic or lower abdominal pain
  • Unexplained urination problems, including trouble starting or stopping urinating

A pelvic MRI may be done in both males and females who have:

  • Abnormal findings on an x-ray of the pelvis
  • Birth defects of the hips
  • Injury or trauma to the hip area
  • Unexplained hip pain

A pelvic MRI is also frequently done to see if certain cancers have spread to other areas of the body. This is called staging. Staging helps guide future treatment and follow-up and gives you some idea of what to expect in the future. A pelvic MRI may be used to help stage cervical, uterine, bladder, rectal, prostate and testicular cancers.

Results depend the nature of the problem. Different types of tissues send back different MRI signals. For example, healthy tissue sends back a slightly different signal than cancerous tissue.

Abnormal results in a woman may be due to:

  • Adenomyosis
  • Bladder cancer
  • Cancer of the renal pelvis or ureters that has spread from the kidneys
  • Cervical cancer
  • Colorectal cancer
  • Congenital defect of the reproductive organs
  • Endometrial cancer
  • Endometriosis
  • Ovarian cancer
  • Ovarian growths
  • Problem with the structure of the reproductive organs, such as the fallopian tubes
  • Uterine fibroids

Abnormal results in a man may be due to:

  • Bladder cancer
  • Cancer of the renal pelvis or ureters that has spread from the kidneys
  • Colorectal cancer
  • Prostate cancer
  • Testicular cancer

Abnormal results in both males and females may be due to:

  • Avascular necrosis
  • Birth defects of the hip joint
  • Bone tumor
  • Hip fracture
  • Osteoarthritis
  • Osteomyelitis
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